El Salvador and Costa Rica’s State–Diaspora Relations Management

Vanessa Bravo


Through a case study that includes 20 in-depth interviews with key informants, this qualitative study compares the state–diaspora relations of two Central American countries, one where the state considers the diaspora a key transnational public (El Salvador), and one where the state interacts at a low level with its diaspora and does not consider this group a priority in its policies (Costa Rica). This article also offers eight propositions for studying state–diaspora relations, a model of the main factors that influence the strength of the state–diaspora relationship in Central America, and implications for international public relations.



global public relations, diaspora, transnationalism, Central America, Costa Rica, El Salvador

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