Citizenship and Political Participation in Colombia: How Orientations toward Citizenship Associate with Political and Civic Behaviors

Matthew Barnidge, Timothy Macafee, German Alvarez, Hernando Rojas


This study identifies social-psychological variables that predict various types of political and civic behaviors in Colombia. While previous research shows declines in civic-group membership, it also shows increases in other forms of participation. Using data from a national biennial survey of an urban adult population, we construct a two-by-two typology of political efficacy and trust in governmental institutions. We use subsequent hierarchical regression analysis to show that citizenship orientation is a significant factor in predicting interactive-interpersonal, community, and online engagement.


citizenship, online communication, political efficacy, trust in government, Colombia

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