Digital Memory and Populism| Remembering Gezi: The Digital Memory Practices on Twitter During the Anniversaries in the Face of Populist Challenges
Building on the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the tweets posted during the anniversary weeks between the years 2014 and 2021, this empirical study examines digital memory practices in the face of populist communication challenges on Twitter for the Gezi protests, which marked a critical milestone in the political history of Turkey. Based on existing literature on digital memory practices, empirical data, and contextual considerations, we proposed a typology of digital memory practices on how the Gezi was remembered on Twitter. We identified five types of memory practices: representational and symbolic practices; commemorating martyrs; legitimizing and resisting fake memories; bridging memories and public agendas; and keeping up and mobilizing practices. This study also shows how populist communication tactics extend to the realm of memorialization, wherein activists challenge them in their digital memory practices by refuting false accusations, resisting fake memories, and subverting misrepresentations.