Turkey, the Middle East & the Media| Signs in Flow: Transnationalism, Media and Racism

Mahmut Mutman


Transnationalism and globalism are complex features of the world today. One of their most elaborate articulations can be found in Arjun Appadurai’s influential work on the emerging disjunctive and hybrid nature of the global cultural economy. Following a critical conceptual engagement with Appadurai’s framework, including his concepts of hybridity and negotiation, this article argues that the present condition of intense, dynamic, and multiple global interactions does not necessarily and uniformly lead to a pluralistic world of hybrid cultures and negotiated identities beyond nationalism or essentialism. The very same condition is also responsible for authoritarian and paranoid formations such as racism.

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